During the dry season coffee will be harvested from the coffee trees. The ripest coffee cherries obviously produce the finest coffees and this is usually when the coffee cherries are a beautiful red colour. When you think that a coffee cherry contains two seeds and we need about 100 coffees beans to make a double shot of coffee... it is quite a bit of work!
Once the harvesting period starts, which is usually September to March north of the equator and April and May south of the equator, the workers go through the coffee plantation to harvest coffee cherries. Coffee is usually harvested by selective picking or stripping.
Selective picking involves picking only the ripest cherries and is very labour intense. Pickers often go to the same tree multiple times. Stripping is done when the cherries are sorted afterwards and unripe cherries are discarded (or sold separately) - this is often done in Brazil where the cherries mature at the same time and the volumes are extremely large. Coffee can also be collected by harvesting machines which shake the coffee trees.
Every 100kg of coffee cherries produce around 15kg of coffee.
Find out how coffee is harvested and the hard work that the coffee farmers put into our lovely drink.
Read about what they do after the harvesting of coffee and the various processing methods.
Producing around 13 million bags (60KG) of coffee, Colombia is the third largest producer of coffee.
Not the largest producer with 0.5 million bags (60KG) but boy do they know how to grow coffee!
Guatemala produces around 3.5 million bags (60KG) each year and produces very high quality certified coffee.
The birthplace of coffee with wild coffees and a production of around 6.5 million bags (60KG).
The neighbour of Ethiopia yet with a very different flavour profile, Kenya produces under a million bags (60KG) of coffee each year.
Only about 0.25 million bags (60KG) are produced each year by Rwanda but we love Rwandan coffee.
With over 5 million bags (60KG) a year, India produces quite a bit of coffee and use the famous Monsooning processing method.
Over 6.5 million bags (60KG) are produced annually by Indonesia with some famous growing regions.